Illinois: Hands On Deal Making
01 Oct, 2012
By David Hodes
The state has made incremental economic advances in job growth as the recovery continues, using enhancements and advances to some of its established economic programs.
In August, Gov. Pat Quinn signed a new law to extend the Illinois Enterprise Zone program, a state and local partnership to encourage economic growth across the state created as a result of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act in 1982. “That is a big one,” says David Vaught, acting director of the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity. “There was a lot of give and take in the General Assembly on that.”
The purpose of the act is to stimulate economic growth and neighborhood revitalization in economically depressed areas of the state. Businesses located or those that choose to locate in a designated enterprise zone can become eligible to obtain special state and local tax incentives, regulatory relief, and improved governmental services, which would provide an economic stimulus to an area that would otherwise be neglected.
The new law extends the sunset of the program for 25 years and creates a process for existing communities with zones and new communities to apply for the designation. “We also got them to add some enterprise zones in the state,” Vaught says.
In addition to adding jobs creation tax credits — where a small business under 50 employees will get $2,500 per job credit — they also extended the R&D credit. “That was a credit that expired every year or so and sometimes it had to be retroactively put back in place,” Vaught says. “We wanted to have that be more stable.”
The state’s Advantage Illinois program, using federal grants, has already funded 17 direct capital investments for ventures such as biotech companies. Vaught says that instead of working individual venture projects, the state partners with the existing venture capital industry in Illinois similar to a loan participation arrangement. “For example, if we can find a good investment with them and they put in $800,000, we put in $200,000, we think that encourages that venture industry to put some more capital into those early stage startups,” Vaught says.
Industries And Innovations
The state is looking for more foreign investment to increase exports while creating more jobs, especially in manufacturing.
Mitsubishi Motors Corp., working in the state for 30 years in Normal, added a new production line for the 2013 Outlander Sport SUV. “They are not just building for the domestic market,” Vaught says. “They are going to export 50 percent of their production from that vehicle.”
Mitsubishi has invested $45 million to retool the facility to begin production of the new vehicle, which was previously produced in Japan. Since January 2010, Illinois has added 136,000 private sector jobs and 40,700 manufacturing jobs.
“So that renaissance of manufacturing related to the international economy is a key part of our strategy,” Vaught says.
In the state’s second largest city just 42 miles west of Chicago, Sherman Jenkins, executive director of the Aurora Economic Development Commission, says the region is continuing to attract headquarters operations for manufacturers, in addition to high-tech companies and data centers. Part of the city’s attraction for those businesses is the 43 miles of fiber-optic network that runs throughout the city.
“What has really helped us is our reputation for getting projects approved on time,” Jenkins says. He points to the city’s online permit review process that enables businesses to see the progress as one reason businesses like working with the development services team in the city.
Talent And Education
Vaught says that 43 percent of the entire state population has a college degree, a community college associates degree, or a union or other trade certificate. “And that number is growing,” he says.
There are nine public colleges and universities in the state — including the Southern Illinois University system with campuses in Carbondale and Edwardsville; and the University of Illinois system, with campuses in Chicago, Springfield and Champaign-Urbana. The state also has 66 private colleges and universities, including standouts such as the University of Chicago, Loyola University and Northwestern University, all in Chicago.
The state has the largest commitment to infrastructure of any state, according to Vaught, with a $31 billion capital program adopted in 2009 and $12 billion coming from Chicago-area toll ways. The state is the inland port of the country, with five major railroads crisscrossing the state and great access to rivers and waterways — not the least of which is the whole Great Lakes system. “That infrastructure creates a platform that is just hard to duplicate,” Vaught says. “The supply chains and the export chains feed in to the Illinois distribution centers. Our manufacturing and production leads right back out those same logistical supply chains. That is hugely important.”
With the northern part of the state dominated by Chicago’s sprawling developments, the state’s smaller cities are looking to take advantage of their land offerings to keep business growing.
One of those cities is Montgomery, a growing city of approximately 20,000 people just west of the greater Chicago area. Charlene Coulombe-Fiore, executive director of the Montgomery Economic Development Corp., says that Montgomery has a parcel of land near the city that is on the verge of being sold to investors who might start looking at developing a park. “That is exciting because it’s something that not many communities in this area have,” she says.
The city has large employers such as Caterpillar Inc., and Fox River Foods Inc., with Caterpillar expanding last quarter by adding a couple of hundred employees. “I would like to see an office complex in that park or a manufacturing operation there,” Coulombe-Fiore says. “We have seen some drop in prices which I think opens the door to new opportunities and makes it easier to develop a parcel that is so close to the city.”
Vandalia, in south central Illinois with a population of approximately 7,000, is opening bids on two parcels of property on the west interchange area of the city, says Mayor Rick Gottman. The biggest employer in the area is the 1,520-acre Vandalia Correctional Center, a minimum security prison for men.
“One of the parcels has to be used specifically for repair and maintenance or sale of agricultural equipment,” Gottman says. “The other parcel should be used for entertainment space.”
Another city looking to capitalize on industrial park development is Tuscola, a city of 5,000 in the east central part of the state. There are a couple of different properties combined — one is a greenfield site — that had been a finalist for consideration as part of the Department of Energy’s FutureGen coal-to-energy carbon sequestration competition. They didn’t win the project — estimated to be in the hundreds of millions of dollars. “But the DOE did a lot of detailed analysis,” says Brian Moody, executive director, Tuscola Economic Development Inc. “So as a result we ended up with just a ton of information that helped in our due diligence necessary for someone to develop a large scale industrial project on that site.”
Illinois is an interesting mix of big city fun and small town relaxation. Aurora is just finishing up on a major entertainment complex downtown set to open next year called River Edge Park. The downtown area already has the 53,000-square-foot Hollywood Casino Aurora and the 70,000-square-foot America’s Historic Roundhouse restaurant and brewery.
Moody says that Tuscola has a strong retail base with the redevelopment of the 47-store Tanger Outlet-Tuscola. They are now hitting an all-time high in sales tax revenue. “Outlets have turned a little better nationally than other retail,” Moody says. “So this has been just kind of a bright spot for us.” The increased sales revenue has allowed them to spend $2-$3 million in the past year on public infrastructure. “We have been really fortunate in a bad economy to be able to make these investments and still be able to be attractive,” Moody says.
Illinois has always been a diversified economy due to its Midwestern agri-friendly location and its access to distribution via rail, ship or truck. And that’s one of the biggest reasons that an economic recovery can be swifter and more exacting. “We are not an economy that is just in one sector like agriculture,” Vaught says. “We have a very diversified economy in manufacturing and export, and that’s where we have to put the centerpiece of our effort.”
The state has a penchant to work together and get things done. “We solve problems here in a bipartisan way,” Vaught says. “Whether it’s our workers’ comp system or our pension system, we tend to make progress by working together. And business sees that because it doesn’t just mean that things are great today. It means you have the capability to address problems in the future.”
Illustration by samarttiw